top of page

Understanding Reactivity in Dogs: Types and Solutions for Border Collies

Updated: May 6


Border Collies, with their exceptional intelligence, athleticism, and herding instincts, are renowned for their work ethic and agility in various canine activities. However, like all breeds, Border Collies can exhibit reactive behavior under certain circumstances. Reactivity in dogs refers to exaggerated responses to stimuli, which can manifest as fear, aggression, or frustration. In this article, we'll explore the different types of reactivity seen in Border Collies and provide strategies to address these issues, fostering calmness, confidence, and a well-balanced temperament in these highly trainable canine companions.

Understanding Reactivity in Border Collies:

Border Collies are known for their keen intelligence and intense drive, but they may display various types of reactivity:

  1. Fear Reactivity:

  • Border Collies may exhibit fear-based reactivity towards certain stimuli, such as loud noises, unfamiliar people, or sudden movements.

  • Signs of fear reactivity may include cowering, avoidance behaviors, trembling, or attempts to flee from the perceived threat.

  1. Aggression Reactivity:

  • Some Border Collies may display aggression-based reactivity, particularly towards other dogs, animals, or perceived threats to their territory.

  • Aggressive behaviors may include barking, growling, snapping, or lunging, often as a response to perceived challenges or attempts to assert dominance.

  1. Frustration Reactivity:

  • Border Collies may experience frustration-based reactivity when they are unable to access or achieve something they desire, such as herding or engaging in activities.

  • This type of reactivity can manifest as impulsive behaviors, such as barking, pacing, or attempting to chase or control moving objects, especially in situations of restraint or confinement.

  1. Overexcitement Reactivity:

  • Border Collies are known for their high energy levels and enthusiasm, but they may become overexcited in certain situations, such as during play or training sessions.

  • Overexcitement reactivity may result in hyperactive behavior, excessive vocalization, or difficulty focusing, particularly when presented with stimulating environments or activities.

Strategies to Correct Reactivity Issues in Border Collies:

  1. Identify Triggers:

  • Determine the specific triggers that elicit reactive behavior in your Border Collie, whether it's certain sounds, sights, smells, or interactions.

  • Keep a journal to track your dog's reactions and identify patterns or common triggers that contribute to their reactivity.

  1. Desensitization and Counter-Conditioning:

  • Gradually expose your Border Collie to their triggers in controlled settings, starting at a distance or intensity where they remain calm and relaxed.

  • Pair the presence of triggers with positive experiences, such as treats, praise, or play, to create positive associations and reduce fear or anxiety.

  1. Positive Reinforcement Training:

  • Utilize positive reinforcement training methods to reinforce desired behaviors and redirect your Border Collie's focus away from reactive triggers.

  • Reward calm, non-reactive behavior with treats, praise, or attention to encourage calmness and self-control in challenging situations.

  1. Management Techniques:

  • Implement management strategies to prevent or minimize exposure to triggers and reduce opportunities for reactive behavior.

  • Use tools such as head collars, harnesses, or leashes to maintain control and create physical barriers between your dog and potential triggers.

  1. Seek Professional Help:

  • Consult with a qualified dog trainer or behaviorist experienced in addressing reactivity issues in Border Collies.

  • A professional can provide personalized guidance, develop a behavior modification plan, and offer support throughout the training process.


Reactivity in Border Collies can pose challenges for both dogs and their owners, but with patience, consistency, and appropriate training techniques, these issues can be addressed effectively. By understanding the different types of reactivity, identifying triggers, implementing desensitization and counter-conditioning, utilizing positive reinforcement training, implementing management techniques, and seeking professional help when needed, owners can help their Border Collies overcome reactivity and develop into well-behaved and confident companions. With dedication and commitment to training, Border Collies can thrive in various environments and enjoy fulfilling relationships with their owners.

17 views0 comments


bottom of page